Mid Conference Excursion 2
The Kungur Ice Cave and The Permian Geological System
The Permian Geological System was introduced in 1841 by the British geologist Roderick Murchison in a district of the city of Perm. Using the type sections of the "Kungurian" and the Artinskian Stages of the Lower Permian Series as the examples, it is possible to analyze the structure of the deposits and find out the traces of various marine invertebrates of that period.
Kungur Ice Cave is one of the biggest gypsum caves in Russia. This outstanding karst object takes the fifth place in the world on extent (among the gypsum caves). The cave is situated in the north-eastern part of the town Kungur, on the right bank of the river Sylva, in the depth of the Ice hill.
The Ice hill covers nearly ten square kilometers. In its structure the cave is as like as a fairytale labyrinth. Nowadays the length of known routs is nearly 5700 meters. Here you can find more information about the cave: http://russiangeography.com/Ural_Mountains/kungur-ice-cave.
Belogorsky St. Nicholas Orthodox Missionary Monastery Cathedral or Belaya Gora (White Mountain) Monastery is the biggest cathedral in the Urals, situated 120 km from Perm and 80 km from Kungur. There are many holy places in Russia, where thousands of flocking pilgrims, believers and suffering - in search of spiritual purification, getting rid of the ills of bodily, moral enlightenment and just to embrace the beauty of the spiritual. One of these centers, "places
of power", is rightly considered a male monastery in Perm krai, for the severity of the statute and the holiness of the services nicknamed "Afon Ural" by the people.